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Ex Athletes Agree to Meet in Georgia in 2017

first_imgScores of former Liberian athletes who attended the 3rd Reunion held in Minnesota, USA ended last Sunday with many receiving plaques with their names inscribed on them recognizing their sacrifices for their country during their youths.The three-day gathering, (June 17-19) was attended by former Liberian soccer, athletics and basketball players, reports say, was a historic gathering. The gathering agreed to meet in Atlanta, Georgia, USA in 2017 for the 4th reunion.The former athletes, among other issues, held a general meeting, which included a business meeting where they discussed issues about sports, their roles and what they could do to improve the welfare of their compatriots who are less fortunate.They also discussed what could be done to improve and create awareness about means to develop sports and athletes in Liberia and their assistance to sports development in Liberia.Many of the athletes have been in the United States since they completed their respective educational pursuits at several universities in the United States.They have also raised families and the gathering; the third of its kind help them to reconnect with the past, and also to meet each other again. The gathering on Saturday, June 18, engaged in a whole day sports festivities, including indoor and outdoor games.On the same Saturday, the group participated in a dinner ball and honoring ceremony where scores of the attendees received their awards.Reports said the occasion was a repeat of last year’s reunion held in Philadelphia, (USA) where memories of their playing days were recounted.On the final day last Sunday, the gathering enjoyed a farewell cookout which is very popular in the United States as they ate and made merry and discussed events with each other in their native Liberia, with emphasis on how they could contribute to the development of sports.They also deliberated on the fate of athletes that sickness had overcome and been neglected to face the difficult days alone. The issue of former Lone Star and St. Joseph’s Warriors ailing player Experience Sayon Davis, presently recovering from stroke in New Kru Town in Liberia, and urgently in need of material and financial support, was highlighted.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)last_img read more

Businessman remanded on narco trafficking charge

first_imgThe owner of Glow Again Boutique was on Monday charged for narcotics trafficking after he was intercepted by Customs Anti-Narcotics Unit (CANU) ranks with a large quantity of cocaine.Gavin Blackman, 42, of Lot 65 Norton Street, Wortmanville, Georgetown, denied that he had 1.12 kilograms of cocaine in his possession on May 4, 2018 for the purpose of trafficking.Blackman’s Attorney, James Bond, in a bail application, told the court that his client did not traffic the cocaine as it did not belong to him. He informed the court that his client was visiting a physically-challenged friend when ranks of CANU searched the premises. The lawyer added that his client was arrested after the drug was found in the yard adjacent to where he was visiting.However, Police Prosecutor Gordon Mansfield told the court that CANU ranks were investigating the businessman for some time and on the day in question, he was being trailed by ranks. The Prosecutor stated that about 09:30h, the businessman was seen with a black plastic bag when he visited his friend’s home at Lot 2 Norton Street, Georgetown.He was called upon by a rank, but subsequently ran and was seen throwing the illicit substance into his friend’s house.When the said bag was searched by the CANU rank, the drug was found inside; as such, Blackman was arrested and charged with the offence.The businessman was remanded to prison. The case will continue on June 7, 2018.last_img read more

Stoke 0-2 Chelsea: Blues seal Christmas No.1 spot with victory

first_img Chelsea captain celebrates his opening goal against Stoke Chelsea have guaranteed their Premier League Christmas number one spot with a 2-0 victory in a cold Monday night at Stoke.The spotlight was firmly on the Blues after defending champions Manchester City drew level on points with the league leaders after beating Crystal Palace on Saturday.But Jose Mourinho’s high-flying side took the pressure in their stride, with John Terry’s early header and Cesc Fabregas’ late strike sealing Chelsea’s 13th win of the season and re-establishing their three-point lead at the summit.It’s great news for the Blues, who have gone on to claim the Premier League crown on all three occasions they have topped the table at the festive period.And they couldn’t have asked for a better start at the Britannia, with captain Terry scoring the game’s first goal after just two minutes.Branislav Ivanovic forced an early corner when his long-range drive was deflected out, and Mark Hughes will certainly be disappointed with his side’s defending at the set piece as the skipper shrugged off his marker to head past Asmir Begovic.The goal set the pace for what was a livewire first half, with Mourinho soon going ballistic on the sidelines after his team came out the wrong side of a string of decisions.Stoke were their usually physical selves, but Phil Bardsley was fortunate to stay on the pitch after scything down Eden Hazard with a terrible challenge, while Ryan Shawcross did his reputation no favours when his knee in Diego Costa’s back led to medical attention for the Spaniard, though he was soon back on his feet.Hughes’ side were devoid of the pluck that saw them open up a 3-0 lead over Arsenal two weeks ago, as Chelsea predictably orchestrated play.The Potters’ first real spark came from Steven Nzonzi’s deflected low strike, which produced a fine reaction save from the fit-again Thibault Courtois, who was sent to wrong way but quickly readjusted after the effort took a nick off the feet of Terry.The game threatened boil over as the break approached with Bardsley again involved as he pulled back Costa by the neck of his shirt, while Mourinho was raging again soon after when referee Neil Swarbrick unintentionally broke down a four-on-two Blues counter-attack.And the Portuguese boss continued to bubble in the dug-out when Costa wasted a glorious chance to double the lead, beating a shoddy offside trap following an inspired Hazard through-pass, but sliding his one-on-one effort just past the post from an angle.The second half began with more controversy, with Shawcross going in hard on Fabregas in the box and the Spaniard appealing for a penalty, though Stoke again got lucky as it wasn’t given.Hughes’ team talk seemed to have done the trick as there was more urgency about the Potters’ play, but Chelsea’s steadfast back-four meant they had little joy in the final third.Begovic had to be alert when his rush out of goal prevented the Blues from making the most of Marc Muniesa’s poor back-pass, while the goalkeeper did well to catch Fabregas’ close-range flick after teasing wing play from Hazard.Overall there was a lack of polish to Chelsea’s attacks, often looking to thread passes through for Costa to run onto but the Spanish hitman struggling to beat the dogged Stoke defenders to the ball.And they were almost made to pay in the final 20 minutes, with the hosts pegging them back at times and substitute Charlie Adam going very close with a thunderous strike from the edge of the box, while Marko Arnautovic skewed an effort over the bar.All Stoke’s efforts were soon for naught, however, as Fabregas allayed the pressure on the visitors by finally doubling the deficit on 78 minutes after neat link-up play with Hazard.By any means it wasn’t a clinical strike, the playmaker’s scuffed effort hitting the floor and bobbling past the wrong-footed Begovic, but it mattered little to the Londoners who were left to celebrate their place at the top of the tree. 1last_img read more

Championship news: QPR register interest in Ligue 1 winger

first_img Yeni Ngbakoto played a key role in helping Metz return to Ligue 1 QPR have sounded out Metz over a move for Yeni Ngbakoto, according to reports in France.The 24-year-old winger helped fire his side back to Ligue 1 with 12 goals in 38 appearances in France’s second tier last term.But Ngbakoto has suggested that he is ready to move on and there are a clutch of clubs within France keen to sign him up.However, according to France Football, now Jimmy Floyd Hasselbaink’s Hoops have emerged as contenders to sign him and have even made contact with Metz about a summer deal.But they may be scuppered in their attempts to bring Ngbakoto to west London as he would prefer to ply his trade in one of Europe’s top tiers. 1last_img read more

PORTSALON GOLF CLUB NOTES

first_imgPGolfing Easter Events On Friday 6th April there is a three ball competition any combination, On Saturday 7th it’s a ladies and gents open competition sponsored by Mc Chormick’s Pharmacy Milford, on Easter Sunday 8th it’s a ladies and gents open and Monday it’s a Ladies and Gents open. On Wednesday 11th it’s a gents open stableford competition. A time sheet is in operation for all competitions at Portsalon Golf Club, contact 074 91 59459 for your tee time or go online at www.portsalongolfclub.comResultsThe winner of the Gents Open Wednesday 28th was the inform 12 handicapper Daniel Shields with 43 points Runner Up: Michael Dunne (21) 40 points BOT Gross: Joe Coyle (8) 31 points Third: Garrett Horkan (18) 40 points Visitor: Ben McBride (23) Rosapenna 36 points. The CSS was 38 points. Winner of the Saturday open was : Keith Shiels (6) Letterkenny 37 points Runner Up: Andy Boland (13) 36 points Gross: David McGeough (6) Letterkenny 28 points Third: Brian Boyle (15) 36 points The CSS was 36 points. There was a large turnout on Sunday last for the Voucher Sunday competition and the scoring reflect the excellent conditions. The overall winner of the coveted voucher was 13 handicapper Michael Leonard playing of a 13 handicap with 42 points, runner up D P Logue (6) 41 points, Gross Pascal Cullen (5) 31 points 3rd Donal Callaghan (14) 41 points. The CSS was 37 popints Gaeltacht LeagueOn Saturday last Portsalon Golf Club travelled to Dunfanaghy Golf Club for the rearranged match in the Gaeltacht League. The travelling Portsalon were defeated six and half matches to three and half matches. The winning Portsalon teams were Tony Kingston & Barry Keeney, James Lynch & Donal Callaghan, Dermot Boyce & John Kelly with Paddy Sheridan and Cathal Canning getting the half match Following this result Portsalon have 66 points with one match remaining. The remaining fixture is away to Cloughaneeley which will be played on 14th April. The Gaeltacht Captain’s Day is scheduled for Sunday 21st April and this will be played at Nairn Portnoo golf courseSubscriptionsThe council wish to remind all members that their fees for the 2012 golfing year are now due. An early payment would be appreciated.Change to Drop Off arrangementsMembers and visitors should note that you must drop off the fairways 2,7 and 9 at the nearest point of relief as this has now been designated ground under repair. Under a local rule all golf balls in the areas identified must be lifted and dropped without penalty. It is no longer permitted to use the putter inside the areas identified.All members are kindly asked to keep all pull trolleys, electric trolleys and drive buggies outside the lines surrounding the putting greens. This is try to protect the main playing surfaces as much as possible over the next few weeks..Placing All members and visitors should note that six inch placing on all fairways only is in operation at Portsalon Golf Club.On Line BookingMembers and visitors to Portsalon Golf Club should note that on line booking is now available for all competitions at Portsalon at the flick of a button go to portsalongolfclub.comDivot Bags Members and visitors please note that divot bags are now available on entry to the first tee box. Please ensure that you pick up a bag and assist with the course maintenancePORTSALON GOLF CLUB NOTES was last modified: April 5th, 2012 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:Portsalon Golf Club Noteslast_img read more

GAA to host first mental health day

first_imgThe GAA and the HSE are working in partnership to bring the messages of protection, resilience and support for mental wellness to local communities. Both organisations are keen to increase their efforts to normalise the conversation around mental health. In this regard the GAA has selected the 2016 GAA Health & Wellbeing Theme Day, this year’s second All Ireland Football semi-final taking place in Croke Park on August 28th, as another way to promote the HSE #littlethings using the strap line “Little Things can improve your game”. The #littlethings campaign highlights that we all experience difficult times in our lives, and that when we do, there are some evidence-based little things that can make a big difference to how we feel.Partnering with the GAA for their theme day provides a highly visible and exciting way to encourage and normalise discussion around mental health and fitness. By placing that discussion in a familiar sporting environment the aim is that people will be more receptive to the messages and stories about mental health. Building personal as well as community resilience and empowering people to reach out for support when needed is an important protective factor for mental health.Particular #littlethings messages have been selected for the All Ireland semi-final that have the most connection and relevance to the GAA sporting community such as: keeping active, eating well and there’s strength in numbers. (‘Ní neart go cur le chéile’ is the GAA motto). These messages will be used in the different awareness raising activities to support the partnership including: videos of GAA ambassadors sharing what #littlethings work for them, media buying and social media campaign to support the day, and specially designed posters for display around Croke Park. Special guest MC Síle Seoige will be conducting pitch side interviews on match day where people share their #littlethings while relevant #littlethings messaging will appear all match tickets, on the big screens, and in editorial in match programmes. Following on from the day the GAA and HSE will work together to bring the #littlethings campaign to every club in the country through the Association’s growing health and wellbeing structures at club and county level.Speaking at the launch of the GAA Health and Wellbeing Day, Uachtarán Cumann Luthchleas Gael, Aogán Ó Fearghail, said: “As Ireland’s largest sporting and community organisation the GAA has always played a role in promoting health and wellbeing amongst its members and players…. There is strength in numbers and together we can reach more people to change attitudes and behaviour towards mental health”.Launching the partnership in Croke Park today, Minister of State for Mental Health and Older People Helen McEntee said: “Every week on average 10 people die by suicide. While there are varying factors that contribute to it we know that the earlier someone gets the appropriate support and help, the less likely they are to experience extreme distress… What’s happening here today and what will happen on August 28th is a perfect example of how a partnership between the HSE and the GAA can open up the discussion around mental health in Ireland.”Ms Anne O’Connor, HSE National Director, Mental Health Division said, “ I want to thank the GAA for working with us to help spread this important message – ‘Little Things can improve your game’- to players, families, supporters and local communities throughout the country”.GAA Little Things Ambassador and Cavan footballer Alan O’Mara said, “Growing up, the one statistic that always stuck with me was that one out of four people have depression. I never thought I would be that person but I was wrong. I wish the ‘Little Things’ campaign was around back then because it recognises that we all have mental health and highlights positive ways we can manage our wellbeing and look out for others”.People are encouraged to eat and sleep well, take regular exercise, talk about their problems, drinking less alcohol and staying in touch and spending time with other people – all proven to promote positive mental health.The campaign brings people to the mental health one stop shop, yourmentalhealth.ie for more information, and the Samaritans’ 116123 national free to call number for extra support. Samaritans is the GAA’s official mental health partner since 2014.GAA to host first mental health day was last modified: August 3rd, 2016 by Elaine McCalligShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:GAAHSElittle thingsmental healthlast_img read more

Chelsea and Man United stars make FIFA World XI but Liverpool winger misses out

first_img 3 England’s most successful clubs of the past decade, according to trophies won Top nine Premier League free transfers of the decade Hazard strikes a pose at the ceremony Ronaldo warned Lukaku how hard scoring goals in Serie A would be before Inter move 3 BEST OF Forbes list reveals how much Mayweather, Ronaldo and Messi earned this decade The FIFA World XI LATEST FOOTBALL NEWS RANKED Dani Alves grabbed one full-back spot, with Real Madrid trio Rafael Varane, Sergio Ramos and Marcelo completing the defence.Luka Modric and Kante were picked in a two-man midfield, with Lionel Messi, Kylian Mbappe and Hazard in front of them and Cristiano Ronaldo up front. Hazard said: “I’m just proud to be next to these kind of players.“They are all top players in the world. Some of them are friends of mine and I’m just happy to be here.”His Chelsea team-mate Kante was also thrilled to be included. Every time Ally McCoist lost it on air in 2019, including funny XI reactions center_img He said: “I’m really proud to be here. It’s a great honour to be here. I’m very happy.”Salah also missed out on FIFA Player of the Year, which was awarded to Real Madrid and Croatia midfielder Luka Modric.There was some consolation, however, as the Egyptian won the Puskas Award for his strike in last season’s Merseyside derby at Anfield. silverware ADVICE Premier League trio David De Gea, N’Golo Kante and Eden Hazard were named in the FIFA/FIFPro World 11 but world player of the year nominee Mohamed Salah missed out.The dream team was put together by votes from 25,000 professional footballers from more than 65 countries. Where Ancelotti ranks with every Premier League boss for trophies won Which teams do the best on Boxing Day in the Premier League era? REVEALED impact Every Championship club’s best signing of the decade, including Taarabt and Dack 3 MONEY REVEALED last_img read more

STRABANE GANG STRIKES AGAIN IN EAST DONEGAL

first_imgA CRIMINAL gang based in Strabane has carried put another robbery in Co Donegal, gardai confirmed today.Two men – one armed – threatened staff at a petrol station in Castlefin before stealing a till with cash inside it.The evil gangsters also took personal items belonging to a member of staff in a particularly nasty twist to the incident. “These guys are armed and dangerous,” said a Garda source today.“We are liaising with our colleagues in the PSNI on how best to bring them to justice.”The incident comes two weeks after the same gang used a gun to threaten a shopkeeper in Porthall, Lifford, before driving off in her BWW.© 2011 donegaldaily.com, all Rights Reserved The copying, republication or redistribution of donegaldaily.com Content, including by framing or similar means, is expressly prohibited by law. Follow us on www.twitter.com/donegaldailyFollow us on www.facebook.com/donegaldailySell anything on www.donegaldailyclassifieds.com STRABANE GANG STRIKES AGAIN IN EAST DONEGAL was last modified: January 19th, 2012 by BrendaShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:castlefinnrobberystrabanelast_img read more

Lemur-fish, Vege-fang and other Fossil Follies

first_imgFossils are doing just fine, but the scientists who interpret them are having a rough week (or century).Vege-FangIt looks like a dinosaur in a scary Halloween costume, but it’s just a nice little guy that ate vegetables, Science Daily announced: “New Fanged Dwarf Dinosaur from Africa Ate Plants.”  Live Science even identified the costume: “‘Dracula’ Dinosaur Had Bristles and Fangs.”  Sure enough, the artist gave it the scariest demeanor possible.  Trick or treat: toss it a radish.  Even with scary fangs, Pegomastax africanus, found in South Africa 50 years ago but “languished in a museum drawer” till recently, was apparently a vegetarian.  This goes to show one can’t always tell carnivory by the teeth.It was small, too, weighing less than a house cat.  National Geographic said, “New Fanged Dwarf Dinosaur Found—’Would Be Nice Pet’.”  Paleontologists think it might have used its porcupine-like bristles and fangs for defense or display, but mostly the teeth and jaws worked like “self-sharpening scissors for shearing plant parts.”  Live Science promised the little critter “may shed light on evolution,” but didn’t say exactly how; neither did Science Now.  Evolutionary paleontologist Paul Sereno [U of Chicago] ventured some light in National Geographic‘s article:  “What’s more, the study revealed that P. africanus‘ sophisticated jaw structure was ahead of its time, Sereno noted. Such structures evolved again millions of years later in mammals.”  Sereno did not point out where his light was shining.Vege-BehemothSpeaking of vegetarians (and speaking of animals ahead of their time), evolutionists now say that duckbill dinosaurs were better equipped for eating plants than horses are (sidebar: grazing mammals supposedly evolved much later).  Charles Choi reported on Live Science that “Vegetarian Dinosaurs Were Champion Chompers.”  He began, “Giant plant-eating dinosaurs may have been champion chewers up there with the likes of mammals such as horses, bison or elephants, researchers say.”  Some hadrosaurs had 1400 teeth with flat, grinding surfaces perfect for grinding tough plants – and they could replace them when they wore out.  Their teeth were composed of six types of tissue that migrated, “exposing different surfaces as the teeth migrated across the chewing surfaces in the mouths of the dinosaurs over time.”  With teeth like that, “The finding could help explain why these behemoths dominated the plains of Europe, Asia and North America during the last part of the age of dinosaurs,” Choi speculated.Hadrosaurs were “as sophisticated, if not more sophisticated, than any known mammal,” one paleontologist said.  This makes it sound like evolution has been going downhill.  They thought dinosaur teeth would resemble those of other reptiles, like alligators, but found something quite different.  “The complexity of hadrosaurid teeth would have proved excellent tools for handling tough, gritty plants,” but can we trust their opinions?  Evolutionists can look a gift horse in the mouth, but “We still don’t have a good understanding even of how horse teeth work,” one of them confessed.  PhysOrg posted a cross-section of the “remarkably complex architecture” of one tooth of a hadrosaur (Edmontosaurus).  Six tissues is four more than reptiles have, and two more than horses.  Some of the tissues apparently functioned to prevent cavities and abscesses.  Not even vegan humans can boast that evolutionary innovation.One more thing.  These teeth avoided decay for a long, long time, in their view.  “We were stunned to find that the mechanical properties of the teeth were preserved after 70 million years of fossilization,” Gregory Erickson on Mark Norell’s team said; “if you put these teeth back into a living dinosaur they would function perfectly.”Lemur-FishWhoops; a fossil thought to be that of a lemur (a primate) for over a century has now been reclassified as a fish.  No kidding.  “That’s No Primate: It’s a Fish!” Science Daily exclaimed.  PhysOrg echoed, “Fossil—thought for over a century to be the only trace of a prehistoric primate—is actually that of a fish.”  Paleontologists often pride themselves on how much they can tell about a creature from just a fragment.  They had even given this one a name: “Arrhinolemur scalabrinii – which translates literally to ‘Scalabrini’s lemur without a nose’.”  Pedro Scalabrini would be really embarrassed right now (he was a fossil hunter for whom it was named in 1898).George Gaylord Simpson had doubted the classification half a century later and suggested it was fishy.  In 1986, Alvaro Mones agreed, even specifying the fish family.  But it wasn’t until two years ago that Argentinian scientists looked into it with more detail and settled on the fish identification.  Evolutionary paleontologists took credit anyway, saying, “It also helps us analyze evolutionary transitions — we can look at in the past and compare them to similar fish today to see what features have changed over time and try to understand why.”  It would seem that proper identification is a prerequisite for understanding.  114 years of misidentification is a rather long time.Mammoth BoyAn 11-year-old Russian boy made the find of a lifetime: a nearly complete mammoth carcass in the tundra of northern Russia – one of the best-preserved mammoths ever found.  Paleontologists claim it is 30,000 years old.  The article indicates that DNA is not expected to survive such ages for resurrecting a mammoth, even though cloning experiments are underway elsewhere.  “A big obstacle, of course, is degraded, ice-damaged DNA,” New Scientist‘s report said, even though it would seem an ice freezer would offer the best possible preservation.Evolutionary Weight GainFor neo-Darwinism to be true, mammoths had to have tiny ancestors, maybe like mice (note: this is not an Aesop’s Fable; at least, not intentionally).  PhysOrg stepped to explain to the world about “Small winners in the mammalian race to evolve.”  Speaking for evolutionists at Monash University, PhysOrg explains how they examined the fossil record through evolutionary glasses (“We chose the generation as our basic measure of evolutionary time, as it is the shortest interval over which evolutionary change can occur“) , and deduced that it takes 24 million generations for a mouse to become an elephant, but only two million to shed all that weight and become tiny again.  Tom Weller’s cartoon of a pond hippopotamus on a lily pad comes to mind.  Where are the mouse-sized elephants, if they can lose weight much faster than gain it?  “Bigger is not always better,” the reader is informed, except when it is, or else elephants would not have “appeared” from tiny creatures by evolution.  Alistair Evans almost expected incredulity: “Believe it or not, the ancestors of elephants were once as small as mice,” he said.  The option to disbelieve it is therefore held open.Molluscs: Complex to SimpleA new fossil has been dubbed the ancestor of molluscs.  One problem: it is more complex than its descendants.  The “armoured aplacophoran” name Kulindroplax, described in Nature,1 is touted as the “a kind of missing link with a worm-like body, bearing a series of shells like those of a chiton or coat-of-mail shell” by co-author Derek Briggs of Yale, according to the write-up on Science Daily.   The reader is assured this “discovery reinforces previous findings from molecular sequencing studies and helps clarify the evolutionary relationships of mollusks,” only to be told later that mollusc evolution has been controversial for a long time – particularly the worm-like group called aplacophorans (without armor):The evolutionary relationships of worm-like mollusks, known as Aplacophora, has been a subject of controversy. Previously thought to be a product of the explosion of diversity during the early Cambrian period, they are now shown to have evolved probably 40-50 million years ago by losing shells like those on Kulindroplax.What this means is that the more complex animals came out of the Cambrian explosion, and the simpler ones evolved much more recently.  Kulindoplax is said to be 425 million years old, younger than the Cambrian explosion but much older than “40-50 million years ago”.  That’s why the article’s headline asked, “Which Came First, Shells or No Shells? Ancient Mollusk Tells a Contrary Story” – contrary, that is, to what evolutionists expected.How this fossil helps evolutionary theory is not clear, particularly when “The interrelationships of the Mollusca — one of the most diverse and species-rich animal phyla — have been contentious,” according to the Editor’s summary of the paper in Nature.1 Indeed, the authors concurred that “relationships among major molluscan taxa have long been a subject of controversy.”  Putting the more complex animal at the beginning, and the simpler animal as the more recent one, does not seem a good way to reduce contentiousness.1. Sutton, Briggs et al., “A Silurian armoured aplacophoran and implications for molluscan phylogeny,” Nature 490, 04 October 2012, pp. 94–97, doi:10.1038/nature11328.)The implication for molluscan phylogeny, and all phylogeny, is that Darwinism is tosh (10/25/2011).  Its followers should say Bosh! and quash it.  We keep putting the evidence out there, right out of evolutionists’ own discoveries, hoping it will lead to a new Darwinian revolution from inside out, i.e., a revolt against sloppy speculation in the name of science in support of a predetermined naturalistic worldview. (Visited 44 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

Can Psychology Measure Awe?

first_imgPsychologists get their hands into everything, but the objectivity of their science is questionable.People are complex beings. They can be manipulated, but they can also resist manipulation. It’s impossible to know all the background factors and variables they may exhibit in certain situations. Let’s see how well science can measure “awe” – which psychologists at the University of Buffalo took on as a science project. Did they gather true knowledge, or just buffalo their readers?We experience the emotion of awe when exposed to something larger than the self. Awe can arise from the practices of a particular faith tradition or a grand natural vista, but it does not necessarily have to be dramatic.Here were their variables:Self-distancing: the ability to position yourself as outside your experience, as if a bystander.Self-immersion: the feeling of being inside your experience, seeing yourself through your own eyes.Religion or nature: Coping strategies when under stress.Performance stressor:  a task likely to elicit a challenge or threat response.Challenge: a positive stressor a person may feel able to handle.Threat: a negative stressor a person may feel is unmanageable.The question: Does an experience of awe produce a challenge response or a threat response?The hypothesis: People who engage in self-distancing when experiencing awe respond positively to a performance stressor. People who engage in self-immersion, by contrast, respond negatively.The experiment: “The researchers had 182 participants complete a measure of spontaneous self-distancing. They were then exposed to either an awe-inducing nature video or a neutral documentary on small sea creatures and later asked to prepare and deliver a two-minute speech on a setback or obstacle they experienced.”The measurements: Heart rate, amount of blood pumped per minute, and the flow of blood into the tissues. These measurements contribute to the “bio-psycho-social model of challenge and threat.”Conclusions: The hypothesis was confirmed. Previous studies had shown the value of awe for well-being. This study, the authors feel, refines the effects of awe, showing it is not always positive. “To maximally benefit from awe when facing subsequent stressors, we may need to take a step back from ourselves before we take it all in,” says Mark Seery, associate professor of psychology at the University of Buffalo.Critique: This all looks scientifically legit, doesn’t it? The psychologist asks a question needing clarification. He or she (we’ll use “he” since Mark was featured in the press release) defines terms. He devises a hypothesis and tests it, using standard procedures to gather data on measurable quantities on a sufficient sample of human subjects. He uses uniform techniques on the subjects, using controls (“a neutral documentary on small sea creatures” – maybe watching goldfish in a bowl). He interprets the data to check whether the hypothesis was confirmed or falsified. Based on his results, he makes recommendations to the public for their benefit. Who could criticize this beautiful example of science in action?We agree that a sense of awe is good, but we have some questions about this project. We want to know if the results are due to confirmation bias, chance or poor experimental design. What dubious assumptions went into the project design and its conclusions? Let’s note some potential problems.Subjectivity. Not all “awe” is the same. Religious awe may be different from nature awe. In religion, people may feel awe at God’s love or his wrath. In nature, people may feel awe at a king cobra, lightning, or a peaceful spring wildflower scene. Are these sensations of awe really comparable for scientific analysis?Imprecision. The definitions of awe, religion, self-immersion and other terms seem squishy.Sample bias. The 182 participants may not represent a valid enough sample of the human population to draw generalizations.Mental variability. Not everyone experiences awe at the same level.Object variability. Not everyone experiences awe at the same objects.Subject surroundings. The subject could have been affected by sleep, diet, or previous stresses before participating, which were unknown to the investigator. The attractiveness of the investigator, or even the lighting and decor in the room could have unconscious influences.Subject understanding. Some of the subjects may not have understood what the project was about.Subject obedience. Persons may have differed in their ability to follow instructions.Stressor variability. Not everyone is stressed by giving a speech; some may fear it, but others may enjoy it.Physical variability. Blood flow does not necessarily respond the same way in all humans under awe or stress.Subject integrity. Participants can lie about their experiences, or fake out the psychologist for various reasons.Replication. Would the results be replicated by a different team using the same method with different people in a different country, brought up in a different culture, social class and education?Confirmation bias. The psychologists may have had a hunch what the correct conclusion should be, and may have unconsciously steered the data collection to confirm it.Worldview bias. Did the psychologists’ beliefs about human nature color their experimental design and conclusions?Other bias. Were the psychologists influenced by peer pressure, publish or perish pressure, funding pressure (to confirm what the funding source wanted), desire for fame, desire to promote their institution, or other motivations other than a purely objective desire to know?We’re just getting started with potential problems here. There may be “under-determination of theory by data” in this experiment (i.e., different theories might account for the same data). Did the scientists eliminate all sources of subjectivity and bias? Did they attempt to falsify their conclusion? Was the peer review adequate? Readers may be able to lengthen this list of problems. Soon, the whole project might look very suspect. Understand that we’re not trying to be critical, because we pretty much agree with the conclusions, that awe is a good and healthy emotion to have, and the ability to distance yourself from stressors probably improves the awe experience. What we’re illustrating is that even with apparently well-designed and well-executed psychological experiments, all kinds of issues can diminish the value of any conclusions. If that happens with a fairly neutral psychology project like this, how much more with more controversial psychological claims? The closet of psychology is stuffed with skeletons: phrenology, racism, female hysteria, lobotomy, shock therapy – embarrassments that psychology departments would rather forget.Is psychology a science at all? Some parts of it may be. For instance, educational psychology can produce testable results, leading to advice for teachers and students on best methods for memorization or comprehension. Other parts, however, get really weird. Psychological theories come and go more often than women’s fashions. Some parts of psychology are clearly evil, justifying sexual perversions (Kinsey) or criminal behavior (Clarence Darrow). The worst charlatans are the evolutionary psychologists who try to explain all human behavior as rooted in our ape-like past – or even our bacteria-like past. Many evolutionary biologists cannot stomach the ridiculous ideas of evolutionary psychology.You can’t put humans in a test tube. If the Harvard Law* applies to animal subjects, how much more to human subjects! How can fallible humans look into the minds of other humans and understand what is going on in there? Only God knows the heart.*Harvard Law: “Under the most rigorously controlled conditions of pressure, temperature, volume, humidity, and other variables, the organism will do as it darn well pleases.”Our most severe critique of psychology is that it is a replacement for religion, masquerading as science. Allowing for some exceptions, as we said concerning effective memorization techniques and the like, it is predominantly a false religion. It has its own theology, anthropology, and soteriology. It denies sin. It denies a Savior. It denies a Creator. Some secular psychologists even deny the mind and consciousness. Most psychologists have a different god: the BBBB (Big Brother Bearded Buddha, Darwin). Who would want to trust these guys?To the extent psychology is wrong, it can be dangerously wrong. To the extent it is right, you don’t need it. If you have the Manufacturer’s Handbook, why would you go to sinful humans who deny what the Creator has said about human nature? Why would any Bible-preaching pastor send his sheep to the wolves? Why would any Christian counselor blend Biblical truth with secular lies, creating a mishmash that is oxymoronically called “Christian psychology”? Jesus is the Good Shepherd who loves the sheep and cares for them. Scientists sometimes analyze things to death. Measuring blood flow in subjects asked artificial questions about their feelings watching “a neutral documentary on small sea creatures” is awful in a way; it takes the awe out of awe. If you want to learn about awe, go out into creation and forget about yourself. Turn your attention to God who made it. Go to a Bible-teaching church and join in song, O Lord my God, when I in awesome wonderConsider all the worlds Thy hands have made;I see the stars; I hear the rolling thunder,Thy power throughout the universe displayed.Then sings my soul, my Savior, God, to Thee:How great Thou art! How great Thou art!Resource: Get more AWE into your life (Adventure • Worship • Education) with Creation Safaris! Start a group or join a like-minded ministry and “Escape to Reality,” where there is Awe in plenty in the great outdoors. Learn more about this on CreationSafaris.com. Creation Safaris is a sister ministry of Creation-Evolution Headlines, sponsored by Master Plan Association.(Visited 301 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more